12

# 12Lists and notes

## Hanging indents

Hanging indents (sometimes called hanging paragraphs) are where the text is indented from the left margin (sometimes with prefixed text such as “Note:”). An example being:

Although it is not particularly obvious, this is actually another example of an unordered list. The only difference being that instead of using a bullet point, it is using the word “Note:” and this is aligned with the left margin of the central area.

The HTML for this is:

Hanging indent HTML
    <ul class="note">                           <!-- Start of note            -->
<li>Supernatant is the water in the settling tank</li>
</ul>                                       <!-- End of note              -->
Code 12.8   Hanging indent HTML

Ok, it’s just an unordered list <ul> with a single list entry that contains the text of the note. The class of the <ul> is called note.

The work is done in the CSS:

hanging indent css
.note {                                /* TEXT STYLE - Note (hanging indent) */
font-family: "eqty-ta-i";          /* notes are unordered lists with some */
}                                      /* margin manipulation to create hanging effect */
.note li {
list-style: none;
margin-left: 3.3rem;
margin-right: 0.2rem;
margin-bottom: 0.85rem;
}
.note li:before {                      /* prefix the list with Note: and */
content: "Note:"; float: left;     /* force the margin to the edge of the row */
margin-left: -3.3rem;
}
Code 12.9   Hanging indent css

I don’t think any of this will surprise you.

The first bit sets the unordered note class to use the Equity italic font (notes are always in an italic serif font):

.note {                                /* TEXT STYLE - Note (hanging indent) */
font-family: "eqty-ta-i";          /* notes are unordered lists with some */
}                                      /* margin manipulation to create hanging effect */


Next I turn off any bullet point styling (just like we did for the unnumbered list § 12.1), this is done in the descendant class .note li:

.note li {
list-style: none;

This is followed by some margin manipulation; I want the text for the note to be indented by 3.3 rem from the left edge of the central area:

    margin-left: 3.3rem;

I also indent very slightly from the right side, this was just to accommodate the italic font, this had a habit of extending past the page boundary, indenting by 0.2 rem just makes it look right:

    margin-right: 0.2rem;

Finally, I add a bottom margin to act as line spacing between the list entry and anything that follows (this is all very similar to the unnumbered list of § 12.1):

nbsp;   margin-bottom: 0.85rem;

The only other thing is to add the word “Note:” and align it with the left edge of the central area. This is very similar to adding the bullet point in § 12.1 and is done in exactly the same way. It uses the :before pseudo element. I’ll go through it again here:

.note li:before {
content: "Note:"; float: left;
margin-left: -3.3rem;
}

The :before pseudo element means that the CSS that follows will be inserted before any text that is between the <li>...</li> tags in the HTML.

The next line puts in the word “Note:”:

    content: "Note:"; float: left;

This inserts the text between the quotes (Note:) before any text in the <li> element in the HTML. The text will be in the same style as that defined in the parent class note (i.e. Equity italics). The text is also set to float: left to stop any line breaks.

Finally the position of this leading text is set to align with the left edge of the central area:

nbsp;   margin-left: -3.3rem;

The <li> element has a margin of 3.3 rem, giving the :before pseudo element a margin of -3.3 rem moves it back to the left edge of the central area.

And that is it.

### Adding a second paragraph without the word “Note:”

Sometime these notes require a second paragraph:

This is all done in the HTML. The first paragraph is just an unordered list of class note:

Hanging indent HTML
    <ul class="note">                           <!-- Start of note            -->
<li>The last Concourse font in the list (Concourse Index 3) does not come with the Equity font set; it provides index numbers with a circular surround.</li>
</ul>                                       <!-- End of note              -->

just like before, the following paragraph is a bit different:

Hanging indent HTML
<p class="hyp" style="padding-left:3.3rem"><span class="first-use">Mr Butterick was kind enough to let me have a copy when I enquired about them&mdash;I like them and I&rsquo;m very grateful to Mr Butterick for allowing me to use them</span>.</p>

The text is in a normal paragraph element <p class="hyp">. But has an additional styling element: style="padding-left:3.3rem". All this does is indent the paragraph by 3.3 rem to align with the previous “Note” paragraph.

To put the text in italic, it is contained within an <span class="first-use"> element (see § 10.9.4).

This just turns a normal paragraph into an indented paragraph that matches the first paragraph of a note.